Lean Six Sigma has been valid worldwide because of its significance. The concept of six Sigma helps streamline the workflow, analyze data and reduce wastage to improve the quality of products and revenues.
Though the Lean Six Sigma strategy helps achieve business goals, the essential feature of this project is process making. This helps explain the manufacturing process in detail and helps target the unique business areas.
Various options are available, and selecting the correct Map can make your task much easier. Let us explain the concept of process mapping in a little more detail.
What exactly is Process Mapping in Six Sigma?
Six Sigma process mapping is generally shaped by the project leader with the Simplilearn Six Sigma black belt certification. The project leader can be delegated as the prominent member of the team for training activities.
However, the most exciting thing about process mapping is its mapping operation. With the help of particular flowchart software, you can do complex mapping experiments, and it helps to create a process map. Team leaders can also construct by applying other easily available methods in your office suite applications. Moreover, you can also draw the process map freely.
Different types of Six Sigma process mapping are used in various projects. The phase mapping that is used in different business projects are:
- Process Flow Chart- the chart simulates the real workflow you strive to produce.
- SIPOC Map- This is in the form of a diagram showing the input, output, sources, procedure, and customers for different varieties of products you deal with.
- Swim Lane Map- This is used to move further into the business operation, incidents, and diagram of the subprocess processes, accountable pieces, and hand-offs.
Determination of the Lean Six Sigma Process Mapping
Working with a five-person, eleven-person, twenty-person, or larger Lean Six Sigma development squad could help each member understand how a system works and what can be altered. A system diagram aims to generate a common understanding of the operation and potential operations. This exercise offers several benefits, including:
- Identification of the uncertainty and simplicity of the process measure
- Physical comparison of the current system with a planned business model
- Interpreting the simpler process mapping for that person not part of the team.
Process diagrams are useful in any situation where Six Sigma techniques, including clinics, pubs, restaurants, and manufacturing plants, may be used. Additionally, Six Sigma technique maps may be used to optimize results at the beginning of the project or even in the middle of an ongoing time.
Value Stream Process Mapping
A value chain diagram is created to depict each step in producing the good from start to finish. Manufacturers, production processes, and end consumers may all be a part of this value stream. VSMs often focus on the flow of information and specifics. The design cycle from conception to delivery is considered in value raw materials suppliers for product manufacturing. This broad approach looks at the complete setup for development opportunities.
Tools used to assess and document the processes include flow diagrams, documented protocols, task orders, and textual workflow illustrations. Other Lean techniques, such as spaghetti maps and the visualization of value sources, are frequently employed.
The value stream of a product family may traverse organizational boundaries across departments. This creates potential issues with controlling the sources of the useful project value. A value-stream boss must create a new job in response to such problems. This boss, who will answer to the factory’s manager, must have the authority to make it happen.
The position of process flow manager is given to a production employee. That boss will be in charge of the entire project. Being a hands-on guy, the manager should always be on the field.
Structuring of Six Sigma Process Mapping
When creating a flowchart, remember that it will resemble a flowchart and show the technique’s beginning, middle, and end and any intended consequences. The chart may be a high-level summary or a more detailed roadmap for each main function with sub-steps.
- Access to the Process Limits
It will help shorten case long waits to use intensive care. The victim’s arrival and receipt of his documentation would mark the case’s beginning, and the patient’s discharge would mark its conclusion.
- Make The List of All Technical Measures
The processes would comprise welcoming the client into our model of an emergency department, getting them to sign the referral forms, entering the relevant information into the computer system, and letting them meet the nurse. Enter the associated inputs & outputs for each step, including the received items or information (input) and any potential outcomes for that phase (output).
- Finalize All The Steps in the Sequence
Make sure to plan all the measures into the steps so that it would be easier to progress and find out how the procedure functions.
- Use all The Symbols Accurately
The same collection of characters may be seen on several Six Sigma system maps, and each symbol represents a unique occurrence or location. Please ensure the entire team is aware of the significance of each symbol before you paint it over each stage of the procedure. The most recognized people, ideals, and traits are:
- Terminator- This phase will remain to continue, and everything comes to an end
- Rectangle- This is a task and action that has to be performed as the key part of the mapping protocol
- Oval- Step up inputs and outputs, including the whole phase
- D- This shows the phase delays
- Arrow- It shows phase acceleration when the stream is gradually flowing
- Diamond- This is considered as the scenario in the product system where decisions have been made
- Work Verification
Check the chart to ensure it accurately identifies and depicts each stage of the present system. Ask someone who is not on the project team but is nonetheless concerned with the process to review the graph from their perspective to ensure that nothing has been overlooked.
Most projects make use of maps in a variety of forms. A SIPOC might be used as a starting point, followed by a high-level map. The Map can offer useful information following the identification of underlying causes and adopting a new procedure. Following any investigation, you will choose how to make a thorough chart of the specific locations with difficulty.